The issue of energy and the energy requirement in the Thailand increase every year Impact the fuel such as LPG gas has increased the price have an impact on production costs and energy consumption of households sector. Such factors form biomass or agricultural waste materials firewood as an alternative in the substitution of gas LPG by the process Gasification heat processing and applying to the gas stove-fire supplier is a viable way to help reduce your energy costs.
Mr.Suriyong Prachakiew Lecturer in Science Faculty of Science and Technology RMUTL Chiang Rai Design and build a gas stove using gasifier stove technology to replace the heat-resistant coconut shells and lose a lot of fuel. By Gas Stove, Gasification Technology Chemical process Heat from combustion of fuel in conditions of limited air volume to heat biomass with air restriction techniques and then Oxygen (O2) or Steam the Oxygen content in the ratio is lower than the amount that burns the fuel completely Biomass makes the disintegration of hydrocarbons (HC) In the form of solid and gas contain with Carbon monoxide (CO2), Hydrogen (H2), Methane (CH4), Carbon dioxide (CO2), Nitrogen (N2) and Producer gas Gasification process from biomass is an incomplete combustion process. The researcher has designed stove in the gasifier using firewood as fuel by design up draft gasifier. Components are double-walled, cylindrical floor is a burning zone and the wall hole in the bottom and top of the wall. The second layer A wall with the air intake of oxygen into the combustion process. The combustion heat is forced to flow from the bottom to the top of the stove and some gases flow up into the hole on the top of the wall at a high temperature, causing the combustion of gaseous biomass zone reduction. (Reduction zone) average temperature 800-1000 ° C, designed for refueling has continued. The effective heat shield above the oven grills an average of about 30 percent, and so the knowledge gained from this research. The research has led to the transfer of knowledge to those interested. By training, technology transfer to farmers, community groups, community hall at Ban Rong Dong Mada Mae Lao District, Chiang Rai Province. And Tha Ma-O Central District fog glass Mae Lao District, Chiang Rai Province as an alternative to reducing energy costs for household’s community groups and community enterprises.